News of the English Section
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You can also browse the Russian section using an online translator: http://babelfish.altavista.com/
2006, April 22: D.Lytov, M.Lytova. Why Our Test Is Called a "Multifactor test"?
A new interesting article found in the Internet: Lytaev S., Voronov A. et al. War against Terrorism: New Challenges to Military Personnel Selection.
2006, March 26: a new multilingual socionic forum of our site is launched in test mode (official opening on April 3). You can already register, post test messages (which will be wiped by April 3 anyway), start discussions and report possible bugs. If you cannot post your bug report at the forum, please write directly to the site administrator.
2006, January 12: two new pages—Informational Exchange Functions and Clubs (Action Attitude Groups). The Celebrities section has been revised, some alternative opinions added.
2006, January 9: V. Gulenko. The Centripetal Law of Communication.
Estimate Your Chances in Business Competition. 1998. Translated by Dmitri Lytov.
2005, November 3: Model A: some notes on functions added.
2005, September 30: D.Lytov, M.Lytova. Introduction into Socionics (in 3 parts).
If you have any suggestions or remarks concerning this text, please send your opinion to the authors:
Socionics is based on their ideas:
||Carl Gustav JUNG
Swiss psychologist and psychiatrist.
In his researches he proved that personality types differ
not only for mentally ill people but for healthy people as
well. His typology served later as a basis of socionics and
several other type theories—Gray-Wheelwright Test, MBTI,
Sorter, Eysenck Temperament Test, NEO-PI-R
more about Jung and his theory here...
||Isabel Briggs MYERS (1897—1980)
She was a school teacher by her occupation. Based on Jung's psychological typology, she developed, together with her mother Katharine Cook Briggs, the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), which is now extremely popular in the US (along with its derivatives, such as the Keirsey Temperament Sorter and some other tests). Socionics is often confused with her theory, although there are several essential differences between them. To learn more about her biography and test, visit the site www.capt.org !
Polish psychiatrist. In his work
Psychopathology of Neuroses he introduced a concept
of informational metabolism, which, in his opinion,
could explain certain regularities in people's stable relationships. Later his theory of informational metabolism, along with Jung's typology, was laid by A.Augusta as a foundation of socionics.
||Aushra AUGUSTA (1927—2005)
She lived in Vilnius (Lithuania). She united Jung's psychological
types and Kepinski's theory of informational metabolism into
Socionics, a theory of relations as information interchange
between personality types. Economist by occupation, later
sociologist, in 1968—dean of the faculty of family problems
at Vilnius Pedagogical Institute.
Socionic SItes in English
Maintained by Elena Zamanskaya, Igor Vaisband and Oleg Khrulev (Moscow, Russia)
Maintained by Alexander Boukalov and Olga Karpenko (Kiev, Ukraine)
The site contains information partially taken from our site, partially from other sources, + a socionic forum in English!
Maintained by Jimmy Cartrette (USA)
A new and interesting site on socionics with a forum.
Maintained by Reuben McNew (Southern California, USA).
Original materials on socionics theory and applications.
Maintained by Rick DeLong (Kiev, Ukraine).
PRESS: BOOKS ON SOCIONICS AND LEARNING STYLES IN ENGLISH
Maintained by Betty Lou Leaver (Salinas, CA, USA)
The approach presented at this site is not traditional for Socionics: it proposes a hypothesis of Visual Identification of types, which we do not support.
Maintained by Sergei Ganin (London, Great Britain)
This site represents a very good overview of socionics in English; however, its author overestimates (in our opinion) the meaning of duality.
Supported by Vitali Vorobiev (Kiev, Ukraine)
All about socionic sites all over the world and
Maintained by Sergei Ganin (London, Great Britain)
This site supports the physiognomical theory, which contradicts to the "classical" socionics.
Maintained by Tommy Loveday (USA)
|Compatibility of the Personality Types (Enneagram).
Based on the Enneagram typology.
Interesting non-socionic typological sites
This site is not about socionics but rather about various personality typologies in comparison. However, socionic topics are often discussed at its forum.
|TRACKING THE ELUSIVE HUMAN
By Mr. and Ms. Arraj. This is an Internet book that presents a very detailed review of C.G.Jung's typology and compares Jung types with Sheldon types (physical constitution).
A different (non-socionic!) theory of intertype relationships.
Supported by Joe Butt and Marina Margaret Heiss.
One of the best type dating sites containing links to type descriptions from different authors.
Psychology at Rin.ru
Compare your typologicl profile with the average for your population!
Discover your learning styles - graphically!
The MT Test is closed
Dear site visitors,
the MT Test is closed. Those who already downloaded the questionnaire and began to fill it in may send it to us but not later than by November 3, 2006.
In the meantime, we are going to improve the test or maybe invent a different one.
Thank you for your participation!
What is Socionics?
between people are predictable, believe the adherents of
socionics—a comparatively new (since 1970) psychological theory.
These relations exist between the 16 personality types, to one of
which you belong as well.
The very name Socionics derives from socio- and bionics (biology-based modeling), thus meaning a discipline studying social modeling based on C.G.Jung's psychological types.
Personality type, also called sociotype,
is not transient—it changes neither in a day nor in a year.
Psychological type is distinctly separate from one's education,
cultural level, and occupation: it is a model of informational and
actional exchange (metabolism) with the surrounding world. Each type has characteristic
strengths and weaknesses: the differentiation of socially useful
traits comes at the expense of the suppression of others. Sometimes
persons of the same sociotype look like twins, being in fact not
even relatives. Probably the sociotype is "preprogrammed"
Sociotype plays a greater role in human
relations than education. There are different theories
of interpersonal relations in psychology. Many psychologists ignore
the influence of personality type on one's relations—they say
everything depends only on one's cultural and social level, upbringing,
occupation etc. However, even among those who accept the correlation
between people’s characters and their relations, viewpoints
are divergent. Socrates could not answer the question, which friend
is best—the most similar or the most unlike one [Plato: Lysis]?
Socionics grades relationships between sociotypes
by their compatibility. For example, a relationship between
two identical types do not always develop well: understanding each
other in an instant, they are nevertheless likewise unadapted to
the same problems; in other words, mutual assistance in such pairs
is of low quality. Relationship between two totally different types
is, however, much worse—it results in permanent conflicts. Where
is the golden mean?
Enter duality – a psychologically
complementary relationship. Socionics splits the 16 types
into 8 complementary or dual pairs. Such pairs are the most stable
in intimate interactions.
If you want to know what type
you belong to and what possibilities are concealed in your relations
with the people around you – then this is the site for you.
If you want to learn more – send us your feedback!
All socionic sites support the viewpoint that Socionics,
on the one hand, and MBTI (the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator), on
the other, are not the same, in spite of mutual resemblance
due to common origin from C.G.Jung's theory. If something in MBTI
theory contradicts to the theory of Socionics, there is only one
way to determine who is right: by performing comparative
Main spheres of application of Socionics . Pedagogy (interaction between teachers and students/pupils, problems of understanding the training materials), family consulting (marriage and divorce, problems of age), personnel consulting (career guidance, compatibility within a working collective, strategy of a company based on sociotype contents of its staff), fundamental scientific researches ( mathematical modeling, genetics, psychophysiology, morphology – external parameters of sociotypes), psychological games and trainings.
Basic differences between MBTI and Socionics
Revised on September 30, 2005
MBTI and its derivatives (Keirsey etc.)
|In addition to Jungian type dimensions a new dimension called J/P (judging/perceiving) has been introduced
||J/P is considered to fully coincide with Jungian dimension of Rationality/Irrationality
|Personality type is described statically, i.e. either by 4 dimensions or by a functional model
||Psychological type (sociotype) is described dynamically, i.e. through its variation in different situations according to the so called Model A. For introverted types Model A is different from the MBTI functional model
|Type descriptions are focused on actions
||Type descriptions are focused on motivation, peculiarities of thinking
|There are different, mutually incompatible theories of interpersonal and intertype relationships. All relationships are considered symmetrical. Many MBTI adherents do not recognize a theory of intertype relationships at all
||There is a uniform theory of relationships based on the A Model, which allows forecasting progress of relations. Several intertype relationships are considered asymmetrical
|"Political correctness"*: types are described, first and foremost, through their strong traits (describing their weak traits is considered “politically incorrect”)
||Both strong and weak traits of the sociotypes are described. Neuroses arising from the weak traits are studied. It is these weak traits that helped to explain mutual dependency and interaction of people belonging to different types and to build a theory of intertype relationships
|Testing is the main method of detecting a type. Actually, several million people have already passed MBTI or MBTI-based tests (Keirsey Temperament Sorter, Murphy-Meisgeier Type Indicator for Children etc.)
||Tests, although used, are considered to be insufficient and not always reliable. Methods similar to medical are more widely used, such as observation, interviewing, external data etc. However, socionists are not adepts of "visual identification" which is misrepresented as "know-how of socionics" at some popular sites.
|Number of types is limited by 16
||Subtypes (32 and more) and their relationships are also researched
NOTE: it is probably not easy for Western readers to understand why the very term "political correctness" and everything associated with it awakes strong negative reaction among Russians. It is, however, easy to explain. For many years Russians had no choice in the ideological sphere, all publications were censored (before 1917—for conformity with "Christian values", and later—for conformity with the "Communist moral"). Although American "political correctness" is based on somewhat different moral principles, it is often (mis?)perceived by Russians as public hypocrisy.